Nous vous informons des mesures pour le COVID -19 à travers l'Europe communiquées par les diverses ambassades ou via nos membres et correspondants locaux suite à notre demande
les dernières mesures du 28 mai
Afin d'aider ses ressortissants bloqués à l'étranger, le ministère belge des Affaires étrangères a décidé d'ouvrir un centre de crise en ligne sur Facebook #BelgesSolidaires #BelgenVoorElkaar #BelgierFürEinander , réseau social le plus populaire chez les Belges. Il a opté pour un groupe Facebook avec des accès contrôlés et vérifiés par des questions avant d'approuver toute admission. En deux jours, le groupe avait atteint 1.744 membres et ce nombre a rapidement grimpé à plus de 7.000 membres dans une cinquantaine de pays. Cette plateforme a été saluée au niveau international !
ESPAGNE - NOTE d'ACTUALITE ( EN ESPAGNOL)
ESPAGNE - MESURES ECONOMIQUES
République tchèque :
Greek Government’s response to the economic effects
of Covid-19 pandemic
Greece’s response to the coronavirus pandemic was immediate. On March 10 the Greek Government decided to close all schools and universities, on March 13 it proceeded with the closure of cafes, restaurants, hair salons, theatres, cinemas etc., on March 18 it closed all non-essential commercial stores and finally on March 23 it introduced a non-essential movement ban (lockdown).
The Greek Government made it clear from the beginning that its evolving plan of interventions to address the adverse effects of the health crisis would be dynamic, not static. The governmental actions covered initially the most pressing needs and are constantly expanding in order to cover a broader circle of affected citizens, as well as businesses in different sectors of our economy such as Tourism, coastal shipping and the primary sector. In general, the whole public sector is being reshaped, as services are being digitalized to serve citizens easier and faster. Within a few days, Greece moved on to distance learning, remote work, video conferences, electronic prescribing, digital monitoring of quarantined individuals.
On a national level, the Government approved a comprehensive plan, to address the economic impact of the coronavirus pandemic. The plan:
- has a fiscal cost of 6,8 billion euros, or 3.5% of the GDP.
- concerns 1,7 million employees, i.e. 8 out of 10 private sector employees. It should be noted that the EUR 800 aid is tax-free, non confiscatable and not possible to be offset with any other debt.
- supports 700.000 - 3 out of 4 – independent contractors, self-employed and small business owners.
- covers 800.000 businesses, i.e. 3 out of 4 companies in our country. Businesses that are now excluded are few, as 86% of business activity code numbers are covered by the favorable provisions. It is emphasized that the preservation of existing jobs is a prerequisite for these favorable provisions.
Moreover, the Government has announced an additional support of 10 billion euros to strengthen liquidity in the productive fabric of the economy, through more flexible utilization of the NSRF, utilization of the Special European Investment Fund, creation of a guarantee mechanism, and leverage of funds from the European Bank.
In other words, Greece will develop, by summer, a fiscal net of about 14 billion euros to protect the economy and will set off a liquidity lever of about 10 billion euros, so that the shock caused by the Covid crisis to the real economy will be mitigated and the curve will be flattened as much as possible. In other words, Greece will effectively use a total package of 24 billion euros, which corresponds approximately to 13% of GDP of the year 2019.
Measures for businesses
- Issuance of an aid of 800 euros to owners of private companies of any legal form, including the self-employed and independent professionals, which do not employ employees, or employ up to twenty employees.
- Issuance of a returnable (fully or partially) advance payment to entities that have been economically affected by the spread of COVID-19. This is a form of temporary, low-interest government lending to companies with an extended repayment period and grace period. The aid can be received by affected private companies of any legal form and any sector, with up to 500 employees, having their headquarters or permanent establishment in Greece. The amount of aid cannot exceed the amount of 500,000 euros per company.
- Facilitation of professional farmers’ access to liquidity, as until June 30 it is not required to provide insurance information for loans, credits, financing and disbursements from banks, for amounts up to 25,000 euros instead of 6,000 euros, which was the previous limit.
- Travel businesses obliged to refund advance payments for bookings can offer the customer an equal amount credit note, valid for eighteen months from the date of issue. Extraordinary financial assistance is also provided for tourism facilities, which remain open exceptionally.
- A four-month deferral of value-added tax (VAT) payments and social security payments due at the end of March for companies operating in areas affected by the outbreak and which shut down for at least 10 days.
- Extension to 31 August 2020 of the payment deadlines for tax remittances due in the period from 11 March 2020 until 31 April 2020.
- Suspension of tax collection of assessed taxes that were unpaid as of 11 March 2020, suspended until 31 August 2020.
- A reduced rate of value added tax (VAT)—reduced to 6% from 24%—for certain products that are necessary to protect against COVID-19 (such as mask and gloves, antiseptic liquids and wipes, etc.) effective until the end of the year (31 December 2020).
- A four-month extension for the payment of real estate tax, when the owner (landlord) is an individual.
- Acceleration of refunds of income tax and VAT, when the refund amounts do not exceed €30,000 per type of tax and per taxpayer.
- The planned reform of the “unified real estate ownership tax” (UREOT) regime will be postponed.
- A financing program that allows for a refund (fully or partially) of advance payments of tax.
- A 25% reduction of assessed liabilities on installments of tax payments that are due between 30 March 2020 through 30 April 2020 (value added tax (VAT) and withholding taxes are not eligible for this 25% reduction).
- An automatic suspension of certain tax and social security liabilities.
- A suspension of tax audits and related deadlines; the statute of limitations that would apply during the period from 30 March through 31 May 2020 is extended to 31 July 2020.
- An exemption from VAT for donations of goods made to the Greek government in support of the efforts against COVID-19.
Measures for employees and the unemployed
- Extension of the validity of work permits already issued to third-country nationals employed exclusively as land workers for a period of six months from the date of their expiration. At the same time, an extraordinary procedure for issuing new work permits with duration of three months is being established.
- A two-month extension has been granted to unemployment benefits that expired from January to March 2020, thus covering a total of 193,000 of our fellow citizens. The same will be also valid for unemployment benefits expiring in April.
- Issuing of an extraordinary financial aid of 400 euros to 155,000 long-term unemployed citizens, paid by the end of April.
- Implementation of active employment policies to support the unemployed people: i) modification of the long-term support program for long-term unemployed aged 55-67, in order to offer an additional 8,500 12-month jobs, ii) launch of a program for eight months of community service in Municipalities and Regions destined to 36,500 unemployed people in May, granting awards to long-term unemployed. New programs are expected to follow covering an additional 100,000 unemployed.
Public healthcare sector measures
- Increase in the number of ICUs (Intensive Care Units) by 73%, from 565 to 979.
- Recruitment of 2,789 new staff members (doctors and nurses). Recruitment of additional 4,824 staff members has been approved.
- Launch of a procedure for setting up 500 Mobile primary care teams, which will provide home nursing services.
- Development of a COVID-19 Patients Register, so that all necessary data are available to the involved public services.
- Extension of free pharmaceutical care for the uninsured, until May 31, 2020.
- Employment of private doctors in public hospitals for emergencies.
- Provision of medical services at home or remotely to coronavirus patients by contracted doctors of EOPYY and family doctors of Primary Health Care for 30 euros per visit.
- Development of a new electronic system of "e-prescription", in which every insured can receive medical prescriptions on his or her mobile device.
- Launch of a single public digital gateway gov.gr, implemented by the Ministry of Digital Governance for digitalized public services.
- Development of multiple digital solidarity platforms:
- The platform ethelontes.gov.gr in which more than 11,000 individuals have expressed their desire to offer voluntarily to the Health System
- The citysolidarity.gov.gr platform for the collection of food, medication, basic necessities and personal protection material, housing equipment, as well as services of creative employment and entertainment.
- The animalsolidarity.gov.gr platform for the collection of food, but also veterinary care services for stray animals.
- The digitalsolidarity.gov.gr platform that offers free e-books, online films, access to Video Streaming and Enterprise Video Streaming, as well as teleconferencing, tele-working and tele-education systems.
- The program «Assistance at Home» is supported by the Ministry of Interior in order to benefit senior citizens in need. At the same time, the possibility of special-purpose leave is applied, not only to working parents, but to all public servants with severe illnesses as well.
- Development of a platform for volunteering. Around 11.000 citizens, doctors, nurses, paramedics and in general, persons who can assist the health system, have registered on the ethelontes.gov.gr platform.
- Issuance of an 18-month voucher for those who had booked tourist packages in Greece.
- Financial support by the Ministry of Culture and Sports for modern culture projects.
- Issuance of an additional funding of 15 million euros in order to maintain a sufficient number of routes on national and local transport network connecting the mainland to the islands for as long as the measures of traffic restrictions are valid.
- Temporary accommodation facilities by Municipalities for homeless and other vulnerable groups.
- Temporary extension of welfare benefits granted due to disability.
- Exemption of parents from tuition fees in municipal nursery schools and kindergartens as well as from remuneration fees for as long schools remain closed due to the pandemic. Reduction of tuition fees for private educational foundations for non-provided services.
- Reduction in rents by 40% for students studying in areas away from their place of permanent residence provided that they are dependent children of affected families.
Nous devrions nous habituer à l'idée que "nous vivrons avec le coronavirus pendant les deux prochaines années", a déclaré le ministre roumain de la Santé Nelu Tataru, expliquant qu'il serait prudent de s'attendre à plusieurs épidémies saisonnières durant cette période.